The system of the three Doshas Vata, Pitta, Kapha

The concept of balance is central to the ayurvedic logic: balance of mental, physical and emotional functions, and balance within the environment, close and far.

Ayurveda describes a state of balance or imbalance in terms of three fundamental values dubbed “Doshas” in Sanskrit.

The 3 doshas system further allows to describe all aspects of life: behavioural, environmental or climatic influences, food qualities, diseases qualities, etc.

Qualities of the three Doshas:

Vata is swift and dry as the wind
In the body, Vata is associated with movement, e.g. movement in the intestines, the blood circulation, movements of the joints.
At the mental level, Vata imbalance corresponds to being agitated
At the emotional level, to being anxious

Pitta is hot and dynamic as the fire
In the body, Pitta is associated to digestion and metabolism, to energy production.
At the mental level, Pitta imbalance corresponds to being irritated or under pressure
At the emotional level, to being angry

Kapha is liquid as water
In the body, Kapha is associated with fluids
At the mental level, Kapha in excess brings slowness, heaviness, lethargy
At the emotional level, depression
When the body is saturated with toxins, Kapha is always unbalanced and in excess

Our balance condition varies with time and most of us are a combination of 2 or 3 doshas.
Sometimes, combinations of Doshas differ at the physical and mental level.
It is thus often difficult to determine from a medical questionnaire on which Dosha(s) to act in order to restore balance.
That’s why the pulse-diagnosis technique is essential to detect imbalances of Doshas in the physiology simply and precisely.